Laser spine surgery involves a small incision in the back where surgical tools are inserted to remove the sources of nerve sensitivity and pain, explains HowStuffWorks. This type of surgery is often used to treat pain associated with bone spurs, spinal stenosis and herniated or bulging disks.
Traditional spine surgery involves a large incision, the use of scalpels and the movement of muscle tissue, according to HowStuffWorks. With laser surgery, however, the incision is much smaller, usually from less than an inch up to 2 inches, resulting in faster healing and a smaller scar.
People often pay many thousands of dollars, sometimes out of pocket, for this type of laser surgery, claims HowStuffWorks. Some insurance companies pay for this type of surgery, but many do not. Others may only pay for parts of the surgery. Part of the reason this occurs is that not everyone who undergoes this procedure experiences relief from back pain, though many do. Some people find relief from laser spine surgery for a short time before the symptoms reoccur. Others may end up in worse shape than they were before the surgery. It is not unheard of for people to experience new symptoms following surgery or to experience internal injuries.