During laparoscopic hernia repair surgery, a surgeon makes multiple small incisions around the site of the hernia. The surgeon inserts a laparoscope that transmits an image of the surgery site to a screen, places mesh to reinforce the weak point in the abdominal wall that caused the hernia, and stitches everything closed. Laparoscopic hernia repair is less invasive than traditional surgery, as it only involves three small incisions, but it still requires general anesthesia, according to Cleveland Clinic.
Laparoscopic surgery offers several benefits over traditional surgery, including a shorter hospital stay for patients, who often can leave within a day of the surgery's completion, lower hospital costs, less noticeable scarring, less pain and faster recovery. Laparoscopic surgery is as safe as traditional surgery, explains Cleveland Clinic.
Hernias occur when a weakness in the abdominal wall causes it to tear or stretch outward. This weakness can be naturally occurring or come about as a result of strain from certain activities, weight gain, regular coughing or straining during bowel movements. Once this tear or stretch forms, the inner abdominal lining can naturally expand into it, creating a pocket of lining outside of the abdominal wall. Abdominal tissue or a section of intestine may then push into this pocket, creating pain or severe medical problems. Hernias often appear as a visible bulge in the stomach or groin area and may be accompanied by pain, according to Cleveland Clinic.