Laparoscopic surgery carries similar risks to traditional surgery, but the minimally invasive nature of the procedure results in fewer side effects. For this surgery, very small instruments and a video camera are inserted and operated through small incisions in the body, reports the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons.
Laparoscopy is the term used for the noninvasive surgical treatment of gastrointestinal diseases within the abdominal and pelvic cavities. This procedure is regularly practiced and generally recommended by the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons. As with any surgery, there are risks of bleeding and infection, but the main benefits of laparoscopy are less pain and scarring and a faster recovery time, says WebMD.
There are two different techniques employed in the procedure, instrument-only and hand-assisted. The second method is more invasive as it requires a larger incision for the surgeon's hand, states the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons.