A laparoscopic hysterectomy is carried out by inserting specialized tools through a fingernail-sized incision in the abdomen, according to Cedars-Sinai. By using laparoscopic techniques, the surgeon can do the hysterectomy with much less pain, less scarring inside the pelvis and abdomen and a faster recovery time. A laparoscopic hysterectomy also allows the surgeon to inspect the abdomen to determine if there are ovarian cysts present, scar tissue from other surgeries or other reasons for chronic pain, which can help prevent a further surgery in the future.
A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. During the procedure, the surgeon may also remove the cervix, fallopian tubes, ovaries and other structures.
There are two types of laparoscopic hysterectomies. The first is the laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, which is less invasive than the abdominal procedure and allows for a much faster recovery time. It is a total hysterectomy, which includes the removal of the cervix. The second type is the laparoscopic-assisted supracervical hysterectomy, which allows for the removal of the uterus without the removal of the cervix. In this procedure, a morcellator is used to cut the uterus into small pieces that are removed through the laparoscopic ports.
A hysterectomy is usually only recommended when all other options are exhausted, since the patient is no longer able to have children after the surgery. In addition, there are associated surgical risks as well as other long-term effects, according to WebMD.