Laparoscopic gastric banding is a weight loss surgery procedure in which a doctor inserts a band into the abdomen through small incisions and fastens it around the upper portion of the stomach with the assistance of a small camera referred to as a laparoscope, according to MedlinePlus. The procedure separates the upper and lower portions of the stomach and creates a small pouch. The decreased stomach size allows individuals to feel full faster after eating, which aids in weight loss.
Laparoscopic banding procedures are treatments for obesity typically recommended for individuals who have tried alternative therapies without successful results, explains Johns Hopkins Medicine. Obese individuals with body mass index rates between 35 and 40 and medical conditions such as heart disease or type 2 diabetes are also potential candidates for the procedure.
Possible side effects of laparoscopic banding procedures include stomach queasiness and vomiting that doctors can usually minimize by modifying the tightness of the gastric band, notes WebMD. In rare instances, surgery recipients may also experience bleeding and wound infections. While results can vary from person to person, individuals who undergo gastric banding procedures can potentially lose approximately 40 to 50 percent of their excess body weight. The procedure, considered the safest type of weight loss surgery, is reversible.