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How does laparoscopic bladder surgery work?

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Quick Answer

In laparoscopic bladder surgery, a surgeon creates four small incisions in the abdomen and resuspends the vagina and pelvic organs, which reduces the patient's risk of encountering poor bladder control post-recovery, states Johns Hopkins Medical School. The procedure is usually very effective.

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Laparoscopic bladder surgery aims to rectify pelvic organ prolapse, Johns Hopkins Medical School highlights. The surgeon makes four keyhole incisions ranging from 0.5 to 1 centimeter, through which he obtains a clear telescopic view of the pelvic organs and room to dissect and suture. Using sutures, supportive mesh and fascial grafts, the surgeon then performs a bladder suspension that reduces future incidences of urinary incontinence. It's usually necessary to catheterize the patient during the procedure, and vaginal gauze is usually in place for the initial post-operative recovery period.

Bladder suspension surgery is usually quite successful in relieving stress incontinence, WebMD claims. However, some patients may experience a recurrence around five years after the initial surgery. Certain factors influence patients' outcomes, including the length of their symptoms, activities following the surgery, their age and other medical conditions. Chronic coughing, low estrogen levels, old age, obesity, radiation therapy and poor nutrition can make the procedure less effective. One of the benefits of laporoscopic surgery is that the recovery time is shorter than other methods.

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