The recommended diet for a person with liver disease includes foods rich in carbohydrates, foods with moderate fat content, and 1 gram of protein per body weight kilogram, according to MedlinePlus. Doctors also suggest reducing salt consumption to no more than 1,500 milligrams daily if an individual is retaining fluid.
Individuals with severely damaged livers cannot process proteins well, which is why they need to reduce their protein consumption, notes MedlinePlus. Lower protein intake than normal helps decrease the accumulation of toxic waste products. They should consume proportionate amounts of carbohydrates and proteins. It is also important to control salt intake, as salt can aggravate swelling and fluid buildup in the liver.
People with liver disease are advised to take vitamin supplements, particularly B-complex vitamins, states MedlinePlus. Anyone with liver damage should consult a doctor before making diet changes, as the right kind of meal plan varies depending on the liver’s condition.
A sample breakfast menu includes an orange, a slice of whole-wheat toast, strawberry jam, cooked oatmeal with milk and sugar, and coffee or tea, says MedlinePlus. A sample lunch or dinner consists of 4 ounces of cooked lean poultry, meat or fish, potatoes, cooked vegetable, salad and two slices of whole-grain bread. A person may also add milk, fresh fruit and a tablespoon of jelly.