Q:

What kind of therapy is required for individuals suffering from a TIA stroke?

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Quick Answer

Therapies for TIAs, or transient ischemic attacks, help prevent subsequent strokes, explains MedicineNet.com. These involve the use of antiplatelet, anticoagulent and cholesterol-lowering medications, as well as medications to control blood pressure. Lifestyle modifications such as weight loss, smoking cessation and reduced alcohol consumption are another important aspect of TIA treatment.

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Full Answer

Signs and symptoms of a TIA include weakness or numbness in the extremities or on one side of the body; sudden confusion, speech difficulties or an inability to understand what others are saying; and sudden visual disturbances, according to Everyday Health. A sudden, severe headache and dizziness with loss of balance or coordination are additional symptoms. The difference between a TIA and a stroke is one of duration. TIA symptoms resolve rapidly and leave no permanent brain damage.

TIAs occur when the blood supply to the brain is temporarily cut off due to a narrowed or blocked artery, notes Mayo Clinic. This is usually due to atherosclerosis, the build up of cholesterol-laden plaques in the arteries. It may also be caused by blood clots. Other risk factors include a family history of stroke, advancing age, a history of cardiovascular disease, a history of diabetes and the presence of high levels of the amino acid homocystine in the blood. Hypertension, high cholesterol, obesity and a sedentary lifestyle also increase risk.

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