Skin rashes that are closely associated with human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, are classified into three types: generalized dermatitis, skin infections and dermal malignant growths, according to Healthline. Skin infections can be viral, bacterial, fungal or parasitic in origin.
The most frequently observed symptom of HIV is generalized dermatitis, as stated by Healthline. The formation of scaly outgrowths on the skin and reddish protrusions on hair sacs is commonly observed among HIV patients. Atomic dermatitis and general dryness of the skin are also related to generalized dermatitis.
Skin infections that are caused by herpes zoster virus and molluscum contagiosum virus are also well documented in people with HIV. Other dermal infections include thrush and oral hairy leukoplakia. When a patient develops a type of skin cancer called Kaposi sarcoma, it is often an indication that the HIV has progressed into a condition known as acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS.