What Kind of Medicine Do Nephrologists Prescribe for Kidney Disease?

Medicines prescribed for kidney disease include drugs that lower blood pressure, diuretics, statins and, in certain cases, erythropoietin, to treat anemia. A vitamin D and calcium supplement may also be prescribed, as noted by Mayo Clinic.

High blood pressure is common in people with kidney disease. Drugs given to lower blood pressure can negatively impact electrolyte levels. A water pill is given to remedy this, and the disease is closely monitored through frequent blood tests, according to Mayo Clinic.

Kidney disease often causes an increase in harmful cholesterol, for which statins are prescribed. People with chronic kidney disease may notice swelling in the legs and hands due to fluid retention and imbalances. Medications such as diuretics help combat this, as noted by Mayo Clinic.

Vitamin D and calcium may be used to prevent bones from weakening and reduce the risk of fractures. Medications that lower blood phosphate levels may also be prescribed because they protect the blood vessels from damaging calcium deposits, known as calcification, claims Mayo Clinic.