Herbs used to treat glaucoma include turmeric, cayenne pepper, calendula, dandelion and rose hips. Proponents also believe that extracts containing bilberry, ginkgo biloba, green tea and garlic effectively treat glaucoma when ingested orally or used as eye drops.
Proponents of herbal treatments claim that they have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that effectively stop the progression of glaucoma and improve vision and overall eye health. Another possible herbal treatment for glaucoma is baicalein, found in Indian trumpetflowers, which scientists have reported to significantly decrease eye pressure in animals.
Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness and occurs when aqueous fluid in the eye does not drain properly. The resulting increase in intraocular pressure permanently damages the optic nerve. Glaucoma is treatable when caught before nerve damage occurs. Treatments often include eye drops and lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise.