Whole grains, nuts and non-starchy vegetables help maintain blood glucose levels and keep them from spiking, according to Everyday Health. Cinnamon and vinegar also provide some added benefits when incorporated into a diabetic diet.
Nuts contain healthy fat and, when eaten in moderation, help to slow the absorption of sugar, reports Everyday Health. Whole grains, such as barley, oats, bran and other fiber-rich carbohydrates, prevent spikes in blood glucose by slowing the rate of digestion. Since grains are carbohydrates, the blood sugar still rises, but the soluble fiber maintains it at a steadier rate rather than through a sudden burst. Vegetables, particularly the non-starchy variety, also contain fiber and other essential nutrients.
Cinnamon stimulates insulin secretion, helping to normalize blood sugar levels, reports Everyday Health. Vinegar also helps with maintaining healthier glucose levels by slowing absorption of sugar in the body. A tablespoon of any type of vinegar with each meal is a good option.
Lean meats and salmon are healthy protein choices for a diabetic diet and do not have the same effect on blood sugar as carbohydrates, according to WebMD. Salmon contains omega-3 fatty acids, which help prevent stroke and heart attack, while meat contains chromium, which helps the body process carbohydrates and insulin to work properly.