The type of lung biopsy determines the kind of specialist doctor required to perform the procedure. It may be performed by a pulmonologist, radiologist, thoracic surgeon or general surgeon, depending on the procedure, states WebMD.
Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgeries and open biopsies are performed by general or thoracic surgeons. Needle biopsies and bronchoscopic biopsies are performed by pulmonologists, although radiologists also perform needle biopsies, explains WebMD.
The type of biopsy to be performed depends on the lung disease being investigated. Bronchoscopic biopsies are used if lung infection is suspected, and needle biopsies are used if the abnormal lung tissue is located near the chest wall. Open biopsy is only used if the other simpler forms of biopsy fail or a larger piece of tissue is required, states WebMD.