Q:

What kind of diet plan helps treat a mitral valve prolapse?

A:

Quick Answer

A heart-healthy diet plan is best for individuals who are suffering from a mitral valve prolapse, according to Mayo Clinic. Patients should emphasize a diet rich in whole foods, including fresh vegetables, fruit and whole grains. Protein sources that are low in saturated fat such as fish and lean meats are best, and patients should avoid refined grains and foods with trans fats, high amounts of sugar or excess sodium.

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Full Answer

A heart-healthy diet includes good sources of omega-3 fatty acids such as salmon, trout and tuna, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Patients should replace full-fat dairy products with low-fat or fat-free alternatives such as skim milk, and limit red meat by choosing healthier sources of protein, including kidney beans, lentils chickpeas and black-eyed peas. Fresh produce such as apples, broccoli, bananas, pears and carrots are better choices than sugary foods and beverages.

Saturated fat, derived from animal products, and trans fats such as hydrogenated oil and margarine, have a negative impact on cholesterol levels, states the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Heart patients should avoid baked goods such as cookies, pies, crackers, frosting and coffee creamer. Healthy fats to emphasize include monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats which help lower blood cholesterol. These fats are found in corn, olive, sunflower, canola and sesame oils. Other sources of heart-healthy fats include walnuts, peanut butter, avocados and tofu.

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