Q:

What kind of diet plan do diabetics follow?

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Quick Answer

Doctors generally recommend that diabetics eat healthy carbohydrates, fiber-rich foods, heart-healthy fish and good fats, according to Mayo Clinic. The goal of a diabetic diet is to keep blood sugar levels within appropriate ranges, usually by counting carbohydrates and calories or by using the glycemic index to select foods.

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Full Answer

Healthy carbohydrates such as fruits, whole grains, vegetables and low-fat dairy products are usually part of a diabetic diet, notes Mayo Clinic. Fiber-rich foods such as nuts, fruits, peas, beans and lentils are also good choices for diabetics. Diabetics should eat two servings of heart-healthy fish weekly, such as halibut, tuna and cod. Avocados, pecans, olives and almonds are sources of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats needed in a diabetic diet. Doctors usually recommend that diabetics consume no more than 2,300 milligrams of sodium and 300 milligrams of cholesterol per day.

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