According to WebMD, when kidney stones produce symptoms they include recurring severe pains in the back, stomach, side or groin, pain while urinating, general discomfort while seated, nausea, fever, frequent urination, absent urination, cloudy or unusually smelly urine, and traces of blood in the urine. However, there may be no signs at all that the patient has a kidney stone until it shifts and blocks the flow of urine.
Wikipedia states that kidney stones, which are also known as renal calculus, occur in men more often shock than women.
WebMD notes that there are standard diagnostic tests that can confirm the presence of kidney stones, including an x-ray of the lower abdomen, ultrasound scan, computerized tomography (CT) scan and intravenous pyelogram (IVP).
If the kidney stones are painful, medication can provide immediate relief. When large kidney stones are detected, surgery may be an option. Patients can now opt for a minimally invasive procedure called lithotripsy, which uses a laser to break the kidney stones down into tiny pieces that can be voided naturally.
WebMD suggests that after the kidney stone is removed, tests can be done to see which minerals are calcifying in the kidneys. This can help the patient avoid a recurrence.