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How do you get a kidney infection?

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According to WebMD, most kidney infections are the result of a bladder infection that has spread to the kidneys. Bacteria moves from the skin of the urethra and travels up to the bladder. In some cases, these bacteria can spread from the urethra to the kidneys, causing an infection.

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WebMD also states that kidney stones may cause an infection by providing a place for the bacteria to hide and grow. Also, people who have a history of conditions that restrict the flow of urine are more likely to develop kidney infections. Some of the conditions are benign prostatic hypertrophy, abdominal or pelvic masses that result from cancer or bladder stones. People with diabetes or a suppressed immune system are at a higher risk to develop the condition. Mayo Clinic states that individuals can get kidney infections from surgeries involving the kidneys but this is extremely rare.

Kidney infections are a potentially serious disease, according to WebMD, and they can spread easily from the kidneys to the blood stream, where severe illness can develop. Antibiotics have proven to be extremely effective in treating kidney infections. If a person is experiencing symptoms such as pain in the back or side, fever, bloody urine, nausea, or vomiting, Mayo Clinic recommends visiting the doctor as soon as possible.

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