Hemodialysis via arteriovenous fistula is an outpatient procedure that lasts about three to five hours each of three weekly sessions, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Some kidney centers offer training for home hemodialysis, though a patient still needs to maintain his regular schedule.
Hemodialysis, or kidney dialysis, is a treatment procedure for permanent kidney failure, explains the NIDDK. Long before hemodialysis, doctors prepare the patient's vascular access, a spot on the body where the blood enters and leaves. The arteriovenous fistula is a type of vascular access created through surgery, and it typically needs about two to three months to mature, and then it is ready for the hemodialysis.