Surgeons typically recommend joint replacement of the big toe, or arthroplasty, to older patients who no longer walk or stand as much as younger patients, according to the American Society of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Additional surgical procedures for the big toe include cheilectomy and arthrodesis.
Medical complications from joint replacement in the big toe include silicone synovitis, rejection of the implant by the body, bone death and nerve damage, reports the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society. Patients should limit mobility and use devices such as canes and walkers until the joint heals. They must also avoid sports and other heavy physical activities.
Non-surgical treatment options include anti-inflammatory medications, contrast foot baths and wearing shoes with a large box, suggests the ASOS.