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How is an iron infusion procedure performed?

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An intravenous iron infusion procedure is performed by delivering consecutive doses within 3 to 4 hours, states Iron Disorders Institute. Before an infusion, doctors administer a test dosage consisting of 25 milligrams of iron dextran within 5 minutes to ensure the patient receives the iron without developing adverse reactions.

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A thorough assessment of an individual’s iron levels is necessary before replenishing iron or red blood cells, according to Iron Disorders Institute. Typical approaches used to address iron balance problems include dietary changes, whole blood transfusion, oral iron intake, iron injection and iron infusion.

Parenteral iron is given through infusion or injection to patients who find it hard to absorb iron as a result of a stomach surgery or due to hereditary conditions, notes Iron Disorders Institute. Patients typically undergo an intravenous iron infusion procedure in an outpatient setting at a hospital or at hemodialysis centers. It is crucial for physicians to administer a test dose and perform slow infusion to decrease the risk of severe side effects, such as anaphylactic shock and tissue iron overload.

Doctors carefully monitor a patient while administering a test dosage and increase doses up to 2 grams per infusion in the following days if the patient tolerates the iron, says Iron Disorders Institute. Most patients are able to tolerate intravenous iron infusion well.

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