An iron infusion is usually performed as an outpatient procedure consisting of a series of doses delivered in the course of three to four hours, according to Iron Disorders Institute. With careful administration and observation, the procedure usually occurs without any serious problems.
Iron infusion is typically performed at either a hemodialysis center or a hospital, and the procedure itself is preceded by tests to ensure that the patient does not have a negative reaction to the iron, explains Iron Disorders Institute. The patient first receives 25 milligrams of iron dextran over five minutes; if there is no adverse response, the testing proceeds to the next stage. The patient gradually receives higher and higher doses of iron over several days, until he can receive a dose of 2 grams without side effects.
Before determining treatment, the patient must be fully assessed for any factors that may complicate his treatment, states Iron Disorders Institute. After the patient’s iron status is determined, he may be treated with a special diet, a blood transfusion, or iron doses delivered orally or by injection or infusion. More extensive testing may be needed in patients with specific conditions, such as cancer, enzyme disorders, kidney disease or hereditary anemia.