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What is involved in spinal fusion surgery?

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Spinal fusion surgery joins together two or more vertebrae in the spinal column permanently so that no movement can occur between the bones, according to MedlinePlus. Bone graft material is typically used to fuse the bones together.

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The bone graft comes from another part of the body or from a bone bank, or synthetic bone is used, states MedlinePlus. The bones may be fused with screws, plates, rods or cages until the bone graft heals completely. Spinal fusion corrects spinal stenosis or a diskectomy in the neck. It is also for patients who have sustained injury or fractures in the spine, those with a weak or unstable spine, or those with infections or tumors in the spine. It also corrects spondylolisthesis or scoliosis.

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