Myofascial release is a form of physical therapy that involves the use of manual pressure to relieve tension and pain in the myofascial tissues of body, reports Healthline. The therapist gently stretches and massages various tissues and muscles to ease pain originating from specific trigger points.
During a myofascial release session, a practitioner first identifies specific areas of the body to massage that feel constricted and rigid. The practitioner repeatedly massages points from which a patient feels his pain originates and the surrounding area, completely releasing tension from the tissues supporting the muscles under treatment, states Healthline.
When a therapist uses myofascial release to treat patients with headaches, the therapist massages the muscles surrounding the head and neck. In patients with venous insufficiency, myofascial release can improve blood flow in the legs and prevent damage to veins in the legs as a result of poor circulation. Myofascial release can also help relieve back pain and promote relaxation, reports Healthline. It's an alternative treatment that helps some patients suffering with chronic pain avoid surgery.
Massage therapists, some traditional health professionals and chiropractors typically offer myofascial release, according to Healthline. While myofascial release is a relatively safe therapy, people with fractured bones, burns, deep vein problems or painful wounds should not undergo this therapy, explains Healthline.