What Is Involved in Laparoscopic Surgery and Ovary Removal?

What Is Involved in Laparoscopic Surgery and Ovary Removal?

An oophorectomy, or ovary removal, can be performed either through traditional open abdominal surgery or laparoscopically. A laparoscopic oophorectomy involves making three to four small incisions in the abdomen and using a special camera and tools to remove the ovaries. In some cases, a laparoscopic oophorectomy may be robotically assisted. During a robotically assisted laparoscopic oophorectomy, the surgeon uses a special three-dimensional monitor and hand controls to control the surgical equipment, explains Mayo Clinic.

During laparoscopic ovary removal, patients are anesthetized to induce a sleep-like state. Once the surgeon has made the three to four required incisions in the abdomen, a tube containing a small camera is inserted through one of the incisions. The camera transmits the feed to a monitor in the operating room that helps the surgeon guide the surgical tools. The ovary is then disconnected from the surrounding tissues and blood supply. It is placed in a pouch and removed through one of the abdominal incisions, notes Mayo Clinic.

Though a laparoscopic oophorectomy is less invasive and requires less healing time than a traditional open abdominal oophorectomy, everyone is not a candidate. The surgeon and patient consult and review the case beforehand to decide if ovary removal via laparoscopic surgery is a viable option. In some cases, a laparoscopic surgery becomes an open abdominal surgery due to complications, reports Mayo Clinic.