During the hemorrhoid banding procedure, a doctor applies a rubber band to the hemorrhoid to cut off its blood flow, claims WebMD. This causes the hemorrhoid to shrivel, die and eventually fall off. The banding is done in the doctor's office, and is used for internal hemorrhoids.
During the procedure, the doctor uses an anoscope to open the anus and view the hemorrhoid. He uses an instrument to grip the hemorrhoid and slip a tiny rubber band over its stalk, says WebMD. It is normal to feel some pain, but if the pain is excruciating, the doctor injects the treated hemorrhoid with an analgesic. Normally, only one or two hemorrhoids are treated at a time. The patient is given about a month to six weeks to heal between sessions. If more than two hemorrhoids are treated at a time, the patient is given general anesthesia.
It is important to rest in bed for a few days after the surgery, says WebMD. Pain medication can be taken for any discomfort, but the patient should avoid nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that can increase the risk of bleeding. He may also need a stool softener, and drink plenty of fluids.
Most patients respond well to hemorrhoid banding, according to WebMD. Those who still have symptoms might consider surgery