A doctor performing a basic urology exam asks the patient for a medical history, and performs a physical examination and appropriate tests, according to the Department of Urology at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. There are some differences between typical exams for men and women.
A doctor performing a urology exam asks the patient for a review of symptoms, as well as a complete discussion of all past and present medical conditions and surgical history. The physical examination part of the appointment varies depending on the sex of the patient, explains the Department of Urology. Men can expect an examination of the genitalia and rectal examination of the prostate. For women, the doctor might perform an incontinence test involving filling the bladder with a sterile solution and observing if leakage occurs under stress.
Tests include blood tests to assess the kidneys and test for prostate cancer in men, states the Department of Urology. They also include urinalysis, or an examination of the urine, and a post-void residual bladder scan, or ultrasound of urine remaining in the bladder after urination. The doctor may have to perform a cystoscopy, or examination of the urethra and bladder using anesthesia. If necessary, a doctor might order radiologic imagining to view the kidneys or urinary track, or urodynamic testing to evaluate the function of the bladder.