Hematology tests, also known as a complete blood count, are interpreted primarily by comparing the values given for white blood cell count, red blood cell count, hemoglobin and hematocrit to the normal range of values for a healthy individual, according to WebMD. Other elements of hematology tests provide useful information that help determine specific types of blood abnormalities.
Hematology reports of red blood cell count, hematocrit and hemoglobin levels indicate whether or not a person has anemia, explains Newport Natural Health. The normal red blood cell count range is 4.6 million to 5.9 million in men and 4.1 million to 5.4 million in women. A count lower than this range can indicate an iron deficiency, blood loss or decreased ability of the bone marrow to make new red blood cells.
Hematology reports of white blood cell count levels indicate the presence or absence of an infection, notes Advance Healthcare Network. White blood cells are an essential part of the body’s immune system and rise when the immune system is challenged. The normal white blood cell count range for both women and men is 4,300 cubic millimeters to 10,800 cubic millimeters. A white blood cell count higher than the normal range suggests the existence of an infection, injury or inflammatory process.
Hematology tests also report additional information about blood cells, says WebMD. This includes the cell size, blood platelet count and information about each of the five types of white blood cells. This is used to make specific diagnoses, such as sickle cell anemia, which is iron deficiency due to abnormally sized red blood cells