Hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels within the rectum, according to experts at Harvard and the Mayo Clinic. WebMD lists two types of hemorrhoids: internal and external. Internal hemorrhoids are located inside the rectum, whereas external ones are located around the anus. WebMD lists common treatments for internal hemorrhoids, including increasing fiber consumption, rubber band ligation, hemorrhoidectomy and suppositories.
Increasing fiber consumption through either dietary sources or supplements is an easy way to ameliorate hemorrhoidal problems, according to WebMD. Fiber works to soften stools, effectively making them easier to pass, which puts less pressure on the hemorrhoid itself. One of the benefits of supplemental fiber is that it decreases homorrhoidal bleeding, enlargement and inflammation. It is important to gradually increase fiber consumption overtime, taking care not to add it too quickly into the diet and eventually stabilizing fiber levels at or around 25-30 grams per day. It is also important to correspondingly increase fluid consumption as fiber intake rises.
According to Harvard Health Publications, the most common hemorrhoidal procedure in the United States is rubber band ligation. This procedure involves placing a small elastic band at the base of the hemorrhoid, which causes it to shrink and scar as it heals. The scar tissue serves to hold the hemorrhoid in place, thereby preventing future recurrence.