How Is Inner Ear Dizziness Treated?


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Inner ear dizziness, such as that experienced with labyrinthitis and vestibular neuritis, is treated by antibiotics if it is caused by bacteria, according to WebMD. Antihistamines and medicines called antiemetics are given to ease the nausea and vomiting. An illness called Meniere's disease is also treated with anti-nausea medicines as well as drugs to treat motion sickness, explains Mayo Clinic.

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People who suffer from Meniere's disease are also given diuretics for fluid retention, which balances the fluid and pressure in the patient's ear, Mayo Clinic advises. Diuretics make patients urinate more, so it is important for them to supplement with electrolytes such as potassium, which are lost through the urine.

Other drugs used by patients who have Meniere's disease are gentamicin, an antibiotic that actually destroys the affected inner ear and forces the other ear to be responsible for balance, reports Mayo Clinic. Steroids are also given to control vertigo.

Some patients also need vestibular rehabilitation therapy, Mayo Clinic states. These are exercises that help the body regain its balance. Balancing exercises are also useful for labyrinthitis and vestibular neuritis, according to WebMD. Patients may also be fitted with a hearing aid in the affected ear or with something called a Meniett device. This device helps treat vertigo by adding positive pressure to and regulating the fluid in the middle ear.

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