Individuals should initially treat a seizure by easing the patient to the floor, turning the person to one side to enable easier breathing and placing a soft or flat item under the patient's head, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The area around the patient should be clear of sharp or hard objects to prevent injury, and the patient's eyeglasses and loose ties or jewelry around the neck should be removed.
First aid responders should time the seizure to report the information to medical professionals and call 911 if the seizure persists beyond five minutes, suggests the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The primary response of a bystander witnessing a seizure should be to keep the patient safe.
Individuals should remain with patients having seizures until they are fully awake or the seizure ends, explains the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Caregivers should explain the specifics of the seizure to patients once they are alert. A calming voice helps comfort a patient who is recovering from a seizure. People responding to a seizure should arrange for a ride home so the patient does not have to drive. It may also be necessary to transport the patient to a medical facility for observation.