The Ocuvite lutein vitamin and mineral supplement contains lutein, vitamin C, vitamin E, and the minerals zinc and copper, according to Drugs.com. Other ingredients include lactose monohydrate, crospovidone, magnesium stearate and silicon dioxide.
The Ocuvite eye vitamin and mineral supplement contains omega-3 fatty acids and zeaxanthin, according to Bausch+Lomb. Inactive ingredients include fish oil, glycerin, gelatin, yellow beeswax and titanium dioxide. Although the Ocuvite vitamin contains vitamins and minerals intended to support eye health, the FDA has not proven this statement to be true, states Drugs.com.
Lutein and zeaxanthin are antioxidants found naturally in the pigment of the eye, particularly the lens, macula and retina, states WebMD. They are thought to help protect the eye from damage from high-energy light waves, such as UV rays, from the sun. Research suggests that an individual who consumes a diet high in lutein and zeaxanthin, or who consumes supplements, is less likely to develop cataracts. Lutein and zeaxanthin may also help slow macular degeneration for individuals who have the disease, and may help prevent age-related eye diseases.
Omega-3 fatty acids also play an important role in eye health and are a major component for vision development, according to the American Optometric Association. Tests performed on animals suggests a lack of omega-3 fatty acids may lead to visual impairment, retinal degradation and dry eye syndrome.