Ingredients common in dental adhesive cement include polymethylvinylether maleic acid calcium, polyethylene oxide and sodium carboxymethylcellulose, which provide much of the grip needed for securing dentures and other dental appliances. Formulas vary by manufacturer, and makers of dental adhesive cement do not always disclose their ingredients on the packaging, according to the Food and Drug Administration.
Polymethylvinylether maleic acid calcium, polyethylene oxide and sodium carboxymethylcellulose are the adhesive materials used in Effergrip denture adhesive, which boasts a zinc-free formula that also contains flavoring. Methyl paraben and propyl paraben are used as preservatives in Effergrip, and silica provides a bulking agent. Mineral oil and petrolatum act as wetting agents in the formula, and titanium dioxide disperses FD&C red #27 AL and FD&C red #30 AL to give Effergrip its color.
Fixodent, an alternative to Effergrip, offers both zinc and zinc-free formulas. Fixodent supplies less than 2 milligrams of absorbed zinc to users per day when used according to the directions. The recommended allowance for zinc is 8 milligrams for women and 11 milligrams for men, and users who rely on dental adhesive cements containing zinc should consult with a doctor if they are already taking medications or using other products that contain the chemical element.