Some basic topics to cover in a PowerPoint presentation about diabetes include the differences between and symptoms of type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes; definitions of common terms associated with the disease; diabetes myths; and diabetes statistics, explains the American Diabetes Association. It is also helpful to address the techniques doctors use for diagnosing the different forms of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disorder, usually develops in childhood but occasionally first appears in adulthood, states the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. The bodies of patients with this form of diabetes are incapable of producing insulin either at all or in sufficient amounts. By contrast, type 2 diabetes most commonly develops in adulthood and begins when the body develops a resistance to insulin, causing the pancreas to have to produce more insulin than usual to carry glucose to the cells. Over time, the pancreas may no longer be able to keep up with the body's need for increased amounts of insulin, at which point the patient requires diabetes treatment. Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women and usually disappears after the woman gives birth.
Some common diabetes-related terms are A1C, aspart insulin, diabetes insipidus and diabetic myelopathy, notes the American Diabetes Association. A1C is a medical test physicians use to monitor a patient's glucose levels over several months. Aspart insulin is an injectable form of insulin that works quickly, lowering blood sugar levels within 10 to 20 minutes. Diabetes insipidus is a condition in which patients have normal blood glucose levels but experience typical diabetes symptoms such as weakness and excessive thirst and urination. Diabetic myelopathy is a diabetes complication that causes damage to the spinal cord.