A CPR guidelines chart contains information on the correct hand position, compression depth, breathing and compression time for adults, children and infants, according to the Online CPR Certification and Training Center. The American Heart Association regularly updates CPR guidelines to reflect new advances in resuscitation research.
Examples of updates to CPR guidelines made as a result of advances in resuscitation research include ranges for the rate and depth of chest compressions made during CPR, notes the American Heart Association. A CPR guidelines chart typically includes this information as well as information related to controlling an emergency situation. For example, it is recommended that untrained bystanders call 911 or provide hands-only CPR. In some cases, 911 dispatchers can help bystanders check for breathing and recognize the symptoms of cardiac arrest.
Some CPR guidelines charts include information for health care professionals, such as the upper limits of recommended heart rate and compression depth and targeted temperature management protocols, according to the American Heart Association. Additionally, the guidelines encourage health care providers to simultaneously perform certain steps to reduce time spent until chest compressions begin. Additional concerns exist for infants with poor breathing, in particular those born with meconium in their amniotic fluid; health care providers should provide CPR under a radiant warmer so that the infant's body receives oxygen faster.