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What is inflammation of the colon called?

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Inflammation of the colon is called colitis and is caused by inflammatory bowel disease, infection, loss of blood supply or invasion of white blood cells, states MedicineNet. It affects people of any age, but most people are diagnosed before they reach 30, notes WebMD.

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Ulcerative colitis is a common type of inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation and ulcers in the lining of the colon, states WebMD. It is caused by genetic factors and disruption of the immune system, according to NHS Choices. There's no known cure for ulcerative colitis, but supportive treatment reduces the symptoms of the inflammation, according to Mayo Clinic. Symptoms of inflammation of the colon include abdominal pain, cramps, tiredness, bloody or recurring diarrhea, and weight loss. Inflammation of the colon is more common in white people than in black people or Asians, reveals NHS Choices.

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