Some infections that spread in hospitals include pneumonia, bloodstream infections, surgical site infections and catheter-associated urinary tract infections, notes HealthyPeople.gov. These conditions can occur up to 48 hours after admission, 3 days after a hospital discharge and up to 30 days after undergoing surgery.
Also known as nosocomial infections, hospital-acquired infections are infections that a patient gets while receiving treatment for another disease or during a surgical operation, notes Healthline. They are one of the most common causes of preventable deaths in the United States. These infections lead to extended medical stays and increased medical expenses.
Hospital-acquired infections occur as a result of pathogens that spread easily through the body. Many patients in hospitals have weakened immune systems, making them vulnerable to other conditions. In some cases, patients get the conditions due to inadequate facilities in the hospital and poor organizational care. Interacting with other patients also increases the chances of acquiring the infections.
The conditions also occur in outpatient settings due to reuse of syringes and needles, poor disinfection and sterilization practices and giving single-use medications vials to several patients, notes HealthyPeople.gov. Any patient is at risk of getting hospital-acquired infections, and the symptoms vary by type. Some symptoms include abscesses, inflammation, pain, fever and discharge.