Infection control refers to activities and procedures that prevent or minimize spreading of an infectious disease. Good infection control management entails proper identification of the hazards, classification of the possible risks and implementation of the relevant infection control measures, according to the University of Sydney.
Infection control aims to protect vulnerable members of the community, such as hospital patients, from being infected. The primary measure is good hygiene, explains World Health Organization. Infection control is a key component of any health care system, and measures range from simple hand washing to the sophisticated disinfection of medical instruments, according to the New York State Department of Health.