To increase their platelet count, individuals need to treat the underlying cause of thrombocytopenia, according to WebMD. For example, if thrombocytopenia arises because of an infection, treating it can raise the platelet count.
To raise a person's platelet count, doctors must find and address the cause accordingly, as explained by Mayo Clinic. In some cases, drugs cause low platelet levels. Sometimes, doctors address this by switching medications. In other instances, the patient takes vitamin B12 or folate to encourage platelet production. Patients who suffer from Idiopathic Thrombocytopenia Purpura, or ITP, may take a steroid called prednisolone. In some cases, patients can wait for the platelet count to rise. For example, someone suffering from thrombocytopenia because of pregnancy should find her platelet levels rise after the birth. Some cases of thrombocytopenia arise because the spleen retains the platelets, according to WebMD. In severe cases, removing the spleen is necessary. Some individuals with low platelets benefit from blood transfusions, according to Mayo Clinic.
When platelet levels are low, people may bleed excessively following cuts and bruises, as highlighted by WebMD. Therefore, it's necessary to exercise caution on a daily basis by avoiding injuries. Individuals with thrombocytopenia should also eat a healthy diet with a focus on vegetables that raise iron levels, such as spinach.