A mild case of low platelet count may rectify itself, according to Mayo Clinic. A severe case of low platelet count is treated with blood transfusions, medications or surgery. Mayo Clinic recommends that people with low platelet counts use over-the-counter medications carefully, avoid injurious activities and drink alcohol in moderation.
Pregnant women with low platelet counts normally have their levels return to normal after delivery, as stated by Mayo Clinic. Blood transfusions that contain platelets or packed red blood cells raise platelet levels. In the case of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, a condition in which the immune system's own antibodies attack platelets, corticosteroids and other medications that block these antibodies are prescribed. If medications are not successful in treating this condition, surgery may be used to remove the spleen.
Reducing alcohol intake prevents the slowed production of platelets, explains Mayo Clinic. Careful intake of over-the-counter medicines, such as ibuprofen and aspirin, also prevents slow platelet production. Excessive bleeding is a symptom of low platelet count, so Mayo Clinic recommends refraining from contact and high-risk sports that can cause injury. Raising platelet count can often be accomplished by a doctor identifying and treating the underlying condition or disease that is lowering it.