What Is Included on a Diagram of Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease?


Quick Answer

One type of diagram of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease shows which muscles are typically affected by the disease, according to the Muscular Dystrophy Association. The picture shows peripheral nerves, which run from the spinal column through the body's extremities.

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Another Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease diagram has a nerve cell leading to a muscle cell, displays the Hereditary Neuropathy Foundation. The picture highlights specific components of the nerve cell: the axon and myelin. Damage in these parts leads to the condition.

A third kind of illustration points out specific nerves in the lower leg and foot that the disease affects, OrthoInfo presents. These nerves are the common, deep and superficial peroneal nerves, as well as the tibial nerve.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is a commonly inherited neurological disorder named after the three doctors who described it in 1886, explains MDA. The disease causes weakness and loss of feeling in the lower legs, feet, forearms and the hands. The late stages of the disease affects muscles serving the diaphragm and going between the ribs. This leads to respiratory problems.

Common foot symptoms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease include abnormally high arches, curled toes, cramps, weakness and burning sensations, the Hereditary Neuropathy Foundation states. Other lower body indicates are loss of lower leg muscle and difficulty walking. Hands sometimes also experience weakness, cramping or numbness. The patient has trouble gripping and opening objects. General symptoms are loss of balance, tripping and falling.

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