Activities in a daily living checklist may include oral care, dressing oneself, using the bathroom, getting in and out of bed, and eating food. The exact activities vary, as different organizations have different checklists. However, activities of daily living are those that people learn during childhood and are necessary everyday.
Organizations typically divide activities of daily living into categories, with standard categories being personal hygiene, dressing, eating, maintaining continence and transferring. Personal hygiene includes keeping oneself clean through activities such as oral care and grooming. Dressing includes both being physically able to dress oneself and select appropriate clothing.
Eating is being physically able to eat food but doesn't include food preparation. Maintaining continence involves being physically and mentally able to use the bathroom and avoid relieving oneself at inappropriate times. Transferring is the physically ability to move oneself from one position to another, such as getting in and out of bed or getting out of a chair.
Elderly care programs and organizations evaluate a person's ability to perform activities of daily living and determine the level of assistance that person needs for each activity. They also evaluate a person's ability to perform instrumental activities of daily living. These activities are more advanced and involve the types of skills people obtain as teenagers. Instrumental activities of daily living include driving, managing money and performing housework.