First aid treatment is important to the healing process for a burn because it may reduce or prevent the formation of scar tissue and prevent infection, states Pharmacy Times. Individuals should only treat their own burns if they are superficial; burns that go below the top layers of skin, or epidermis, require emergency medical attention.
People with superficial burns, also called minor or first-degree burns, should clean the area with lukewarm water, remove jewelry or other items that may cut into the skin if the area swells, then apply a topical antibiotic such as Neosporin or Silvadene, according to MedicineNet. Minor burns may also benefit from a skin protectant, a topical anesthetic and an anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen, Pharmacy Times recommends.
Ice may delay healing because it constricts blood vessels and may make the burn worse, Pharmacy Times explains. Butter is also not a good remedy for burns. If the burn is minor but covers a large portion of the body, if the burn progresses to a second-degree burn, if it is an electrical burn, or if it is a chemical burn in the eye area, the person should seek medical care right away. For other chemical burns, the victim should call a poison control center and follow its instructions.