An immunization record is a document that lists all the vaccines a patient receives in his lifetime, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The record lists the specific vaccine names and the administration dates. The document helps track vaccinations to ensure they are current.
Doctors' offices typically keep vaccination records for their patients, but they may only keep them on file for a few years, according to the CDC. Parents typically receive copies of the records for their children. Parents or adult patients may call the doctor's office to request new copies of the immunization records if necessary. Employers, schools, child care providers and organizations such as sports teams may request a copy of the immunization record. Certain vaccinations are also required for travel and may be verified by the immunization record.