Coxsackie virus causes a range of illnesses, including hand-foot-mouth disease, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia and conjunctivitis, according to eMedicineHealth. It also causes more severe syndromes that are less common, such as meningitis and encephalitis, adds MedicineNet.com.
Hand-foot-mouth disease is most common in children 10 years old and younger, explains eMedicineHealth. This disease presents with fever, sore throat and a characteristic rash. Small, painful blisters and red spots appear on the soles of the feet, palms, tongue, gums and inside the cheeks.
Coxsackie virus causes herpangina in children, states eMedicineHealth. Herpangina manifests as fever, sore throat and small, painful blisters inside the mouth. It is more prevalent in summer.
Coxsackie virus often causes an upper respiratory tract infection that presents with fever, sore throat, runny nose and a possible cough, asserts eMedicineHealth. It also causes pneumonia, with symptoms that include cough, fever, sharp chest pain and shortness of breath.
Coxsackie virus can cause acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, or pinkeye, with symptoms that include a swollen eye, red hemorrhages in the whites of the eye, the sensation of something in the eye and burning pain, notes eMedicineHealth. Coxsackievirus is one cause of viral meningitis, inflammation of the membranes surrounding of the spinal cord and brain, and encephalitis, inflammation of the brain, states MedicineNet. Meningitis and encephalitis present with headache, fever, neck stiffness, confusion and lethargy.