Infections, nutritional deficiencies, bone marrow disorders, some cancers and polycythemia can all affect different aspects of a woman's blood count test, according to Brigham and Women's Hospital. Ordinary menstruation can also affect a woman's blood count, and women tend to have a lower overall red blood cell count than men due to blood loss during their periods.Continue Reading
A typical blood count test assays the number of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets in a person's blood, notes Brigham and Women's Hospital. Blood counts also assess the level of the oxygen-carrying protein hemoglobin in the blood as well as a person's hematocrit, defined as the percentage of red blood cells in the blood by total blood volume. Different diseases and conditions cause different changes in a woman's blood count depending on the exact condition. For example, a rise in white blood cell count often indicates infection or inflammation of some kind, while a drop in white blood cell count may indicate certain cancers, bone marrow issues, liver problems or lupus.
A drop in red blood cell count severe enough to qualify as anemia is sometimes seen in women with heavy menstrual bleeding, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases