For both sexes, symptoms of oral thrush include white lesions in the mouth, soreness that may inhibit chewing or swallowing, a cotton-like feeling in the mouth, a loss of taste, and redness at the corners of the mouth. In some cases, the lesions can bleed or spread into the throat and create a feeling that there is something stuck in the throat. The cause of oral thrush is overgrown candida fungus, explains Mayo Clinic.
The candida fungus is always present in the body in regulated amounts, developing into oral thrush only when it grows out of control. Doctors treat oral thrush with an antifungal medication administered in the form of a swallowed pill, lozenge or mouthwash. Additionally, individuals can help combat an instance of thrush by brushing and flossing daily, instructs Mayo Clinic. Swishing a warm saltwater rinse is also helpful.
Oral thrush occurs more often amongst the elderly or in people with weakened immune systems. Other risk factors include wearing dentures, having health conditions such as diabetes, taking antibiotics, inhaling corticosteroids and having conditions that cause dry mouth. To protect against oral thrush, individuals who use a corticosteroid inhaler should rinse their mouths and brush their teeth after using it. In general, regularly seeing the dentist, keeping dentures clean and limiting the intake of high-sugar and high-yeast foods can help prevent oral thrush, according to Mayo Clinic.