The ideal diet for patients with end-stage renal disease is one that includes the right amount of protein and limits fluids, salt, potassium, phosphorous and other electrolytes, according to the American Kidney Fund. Vitamins and other dietary supplements may also be prescribed.
End-stage renal disease, according to the American Kidney Fund, occurs when the kidneys are no longer able to work well enough to eliminate excess waste and water from the body without dialysis treatments or receiving a kidney transplant. Kidney disease is most commonly caused by diabetes and high blood pressure, notes the National Institutes of Health, although some problems with kidney function may be present at birth, and it can result from a reaction to medications or injuries.
Those who are more at risk of developing kidney disease include individuals who are over 60 years of age and those who have a history of heart disease or a family member with kidney disease or people who are of African-American, Hispanic, Native American or Asian descent, explains the American Kidney Fund. Prevention of kidney disease includes regular checkups with your doctor, a low-fat and low-sodium diet, exercise most days of the week, smoking cessation and moderate consumption of alcohol.