Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug utilized to minimize fever and treat pains such as headaches, cramps and muscle aches, according to WebMD. Ibuprofen is also used to treat pain associated with arthritis. Ibuprofen hinders the substances in the body that trigger inflammation, allowing for decreased discomfort.
Ibuprofen can also be utilized to relieve pain caused by toothaches, back strain and certain injuries, explains Drugs.com. Long-term use of ibuprofen may lead to circulatory issues and stomach bleeding in certain individuals. Overdoses of ibuprofen can cause severe damage to the intestines, so it is important for individuals taking the medication to only take the recommended dosage. Ibuprofen should not be taken by individuals who have a family history of heart disease or by anyone who suffers from asthma or nasal polyps.
In certain cases, ibuprofen can cause anaphylaxis, a life-threatening allergic reaction, notes Mayo Clinic. Symptoms of the condition can include wheezing; breathing difficulties; swelling of the throat and tongue; hives; itching skin; diarrhea; nausea; and dizziness. Symptoms of anaphylaxis usually develop rapidly but may not occur for up to 30 minutes or longer following ingestion of ibuprofen. It is imperative for anyone experiencing signs of an allergic reaction to seek immediate medical assistance.