Hyperlipidemia is a condition where too many lipids or fats are in the blood, according to the American Heart Association. People with hyperlipidemia have high cholesterol and high triglycerides, caused by dietary choices or genetics.
Hyperlipidemia is treatable and may be improved with a healthy diet and regular exercise, note the American Heart Association and American Academy of Family Physicians. The most significant changes in lipid and triglyceride levels are achieved by reducing consumption of trans fats and saturated fats. Increasing consumption of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats is also highly beneficial. Hyperlipidemia is a serious condition that can lead to medical complications, such as cardiovascular disease.