Hydroxyzine pamoate is an oral antihistamine. It is used to treat skin inflammations caused by allergies, itching and hives. The medication is also used as a short-term treatment for anxiety and a relaxant that is administered before surgery.
Hydroxyzine is available in formulas that include pamoate and dihydrochloride or hydrochloride salts. The oral form of the drug is light green in color, and it has an oblong shape. It has an antagonistic effect on a number of brain receptors. Because of this, it has strong anxiolytic and mild antiobsessive properties. The drug also has antipsychotic properties. It is a highly effective sedative, hypnotic and anxiolytic drug, but it does not cause the usual abuse, dependence, addiction and toxicity potential like other drugs that are used for the same range of therapeutic reasons.
The properties of the medication allow it to treat hyperalgesia and motion sickness-induced nausea in addition to its traditional uses. In some cases, hydroxyzine is also used to relieve the effects of opioid withdrawal. The side effects of hydroxyzine use include drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, constipation or dry mouth. The dosage that is prescribed to patients is typically based on age, medical condition and the patient's responsiveness to the treatment. The dosage is also based on weight when prescribed to children.